Penza Oblast


Penza Oblast
   An administrative region of the Russian Federation. Located within the Volga Federal District and Economic Region, Penza occupies 43,200 square kilometers of territory in the Volga uplands. It has a population of 1.4 million, 86 percent of whom are ethnic Russians, with a significant minority of Tatars and Mordvins. Its neighbors include the Republic of Mordoviya, Ryazan, Ulyanovsk, Saratov, and Tambov. The regional capital, which sits on the Sura River, is a major transit hub for Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States. The economy is driven by agriculture (grains, vegetables, and livestock), engineering, woodworking, and light industry. Part of the Red Belt, voters supported Communist candidates in the early 1990s. In 1998, Vasily Bochkarev was elected on a platform of pragmatic reform; he was reelected in 2002, narrowly defeating his Communist opponent. Vladimir Putin reappointed Bochkarev in 2005. He has signed deals with Gazprom and Lukoil to support the region with energy and maintained an international profile with visits abroad, including a trip to Great Britain to lure English farmers to the region. In the wake of Dmitry Medvyedev’s recognition of the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, he moved to establish economic relations with the breakaway Georgian republics in 2008.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Penza Oblast — Infobox Russian federal subject EnglishName=Penza Oblast RussianName=Пензенская область Locator LocatorMap CoatOfArmsLink=Coat of Arms of Penza Oblast FlagLink=Flag of Penza Oblast AnthemLink= None AdmCtrOrCapital=Administrative center AdmCtrName …   Wikipedia

  • Nikolsk, Penza Oblast — For other places with the same name, see Nikolsk. Coordinates: 53°42′34.92″N 46°4′53.04″E / 53.7097°N 46.0814°E / 53.7097; 46.0814 …   Wikipedia

  • Gorodishche, Gorodishchensky District, Penza Oblast — For other uses, see Gorodishche (disambiguation). Coordinates: 53°16′28.92″N 45°42′2.88″E / 53.2747°N 45.7008°E / 53.2747; 45 …   Wikipedia

  • Nikolsky District, Penza Oblast — (English) …   Wikipedia

  • Zarechny, Penza Oblast — Zarechny ( ru. Заречный), called Penza 19 ( ru. Пенза 19) in 1962–1992, is a closed town in Penza Oblast, Russia, located km to mi|12 east of Penza. Population: ru census2002|62970|.The town of Zarechny was formed in 1958 on the territory of… …   Wikipedia

  • Kamenka, Penza Oblast — Kamenka ( ru. Каменка) is a town in Penza Oblast, Russia, located on the Atmis River (Moksha s tributary) some 80 km west of Penza. Population: 40,400 (2005 est.); 40,712 (2002 Census); 30,000 (1970).Kamenka was founded in the 18th century and… …   Wikipedia

  • Gorodishche, Penza Oblast — Gorodishche ( ru. Городище) is a town in Penza Oblast, Russia, located on the Yulovka River (Sura s tributary) 48 km east of Penza. Population: 8,281 (2002 Census); 7,926 (1989 Census).Founded in 1681 as a fortress; town status since 1780 …   Wikipedia

  • Spassk, Penza Oblast — Spassk ( ru. Спасск), is a town in Penza Oblast in Russia, and the administrative centre of the Spassk raion. As of 2005 the population is 7,300 people (est.).HistoryIn 1648, an uncultivated field was discovered in Shatsk Uezd and was given to a… …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Penza Oblast — *Towns under the federal government management: **Zarechny (Заречный) *Cities and towns under the oblast s jurisdiction: **Penza (Пенза) (administrative center) *** city districts : ****Leninsky (Ленинский) ****Oktyabrsky (Октябрьский)… …   Wikipedia

  • Penza — Пенза …   Wikipédia en Français